What is a premarital test? Know the importance of a premarital health checkup

What is a premarital test? Know the importance of a premarital health checkup

  • February 14, 2024
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The “wedding day” is a very critical and joyous event in every couple’s life, and that is the main reason why we spend a lot of time and energy to make the wedding day special. However, in the wedding rush, we often forget many essential factors, such as a premarital test.

Getting to know everything about your “better half” before marriage is a crucial part of a healthy relationship, and that is why a premarital checkup is important. Premarital screening might be a new concept to some people. This article explains everything about a premarital checkup in detail.

What is a premarital test?

A premarital checkup is a physical examination that involves various tests that help doctors determine your general health status and detect certain conditions, including fertility issues and genetic disorders.

This test is of utmost importance as it not only determines the general health status but can also help understand the health of both the husband and wife’s reproductive health and genetic screening for the baby.

As this test helps determine the potential risks beforehand, your doctor can give you suitable treatment and preventive measures so that your future family health will be assured.

Why should I go for this health checkup?

Nowadays, it is common knowledge to undergo certain tests before marriage. Going for this checkup can benefit you in many ways, such as:

  • This test can help find any fertility problems.
  • This test can help analyze both your and your spouse’s medical histories.
  • This test helps examine both you and your reproductive health, which will help you prepare a good birth plan.
  • This test helps detect genetic disorders and sexually transmitted disorders.

What are the tests everyone should take before marriage?

1. Blood type and Rh factor test

It is important to have clear knowledge about your partner’s blood type. Getting this test helps determine your and your partner’s blood type and also detects whether you have Rh factor. This may help you prevent complications during pregnancy.

2. Testing for genetic diseases and congenital disorders

Generally, most known conditions have a genetic basis. Studies have shown that if one parent has inherited disease from the dominant gene, the baby will be at nearly 50% high risk of the disease. A mutation or change in one’s genetic material (DNA) is responsible for genetic disorders.

Unfortunately, a range of diseases have been transmitted from parents to their children. Diseases like sickle cell anemia, inherited arrhythmia syndrome, cardiomyopathies, thalassemia, breast cancer, skin cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer, Down syndrome, cystic fibrosis, and color blindness. Therefore, getting a genetic test is important if you are planning to have a child.

3. Testing for sexually transmitted disease

Sexually transmitted diseases, including hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and HIV, do not cause significant symptoms in the early stages. So it can be difficult to determine whether they have it, but one with an STD can spread the disease to others. Babies can develop hepatitis infections through their parents. That is why getting a test for STDs before marriage can help you take the necessary precautions and treatments to protect each other.

4. Testing to check reproductive health

Getting an infertility test before marriage can help identify your and your partner’s reproductive health. It will provide knowledge about ovary health and sperm count, which may help in determining issues related to pregnancy. There are many factors, including genetics as well as environmental factors, that can affect the reproductive systems of both men and women.    

5. Thyroid function test

Your thyroid gland releases certain crucial hormones that help regulate your metabolism, body temperature, and heart rate. You may experience a range of symptoms, including fatigue, weight gain, and mood swings, if your thyroid gland fails to work properly.

Thyroid disorders may cause pregnancy complications; therefore, it is important to get a thyroid function test before marriage. Analyzing thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels helps detect any abnormalities in the thyroid.  

6. Lipid profile test and ECG

A lipid profile test examines the levels of cholesterol and triglycerides that help determine whether you are at risk of developing heart disease or a heart attack. An electrocardiogram, or ECG, is used to record the electrical activities in your heart that help diagnose heart conditions.

Many factors, such as family medical history, smoking, diet, and exercise habits, can increase your risk of heart attack. These types of chronic diseases can threaten both a mother’s and a baby’s lives during pregnancy.


Love, friendship, respect, commitment, communication, and intimacy are the foundations of a healthy marriage. But most people often neglect the “health” of healthy relationships. Thankfully, with a developing society and the widespread use of high-speed internet, most people understand the importance of a premarital checkup. So if you are planning to get married, then make sure to get a premarital test. You can find various diagnostic centres with the best premarital packages.