Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome: A life-Threatening Viral Illness

  • February 14, 2022
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Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) is a serious, sometimes fatal, respiratory ailment in people caused by infection with hantaviruses.

Any individual who comes into contact with rodents that convey hantaviruses is in danger of Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome. Rodent infestation in and around the home remains the essential hazard for hantavirus exposure. Indeed, even healthy people are at risk for HPS disease whenever exposed to the infection.

Where Hantavirus Is Found

Hantaviruses belong to the Bunyaviridae family. They are carried by rodents and shrews, particularly in brown rats found throughout the world. Different sorts of hantavirus strains are related with different diseases and symptoms. There have been seven sorts of pathogenic Old World hantaviruses found that have caused illnesses in humans.

Rodents that carry hantavirus are found in almost all cities in the world, especially those that are crowded and highky polluted. Instances of human hantavirus disease happen sporadically, normally in provincial areas where fields, forests, and farms offer appropriate natural surroundings for the virus’s rodent hosts. Regions around the home or work where rodents may live (for instance, houses, horse shelters, storehouses, and sheds) are potential sites where individuals might be exposed to the infection.

Any action that places you in contact with rat droppings, pee, spit, or nesting materials can put you in danger for disease. Hantavirus is spread when infection containing particles from rat pee, droppings, or salivation are mixed into the air. It is critical to stay away from activities that raise dust, for example, clearing or vacuuming. Disease happens when you take in virus particles.

Early Symptoms

Early symptoms incorporate fever, fatigue and muscular pains, especially in the large muscle groups—hips, thighs, back, and sometimes shoulders. These symptoms are universal.

There may likewise be dizziness, headaches, chills, and stomach problems, for example, vomiting, diarrhea, nausea, and abdominal pain. Mostly, all HPS patients experience these symptoms.

Early Symptoms

Late Symptoms

Four to 10 days after the initial phase of disease, the late symptoms of HPS show up. These incorporate hacking and shortness of breath, with the sensation of tight band around chest and a pillow over the face as the lungs load up with liquid.


Avoid or limit contact with rodents in your home, working environment, or campsite. If rodents don’t find that where you are is a decent spot for them to be, at that point you’re more averse to come into contact with them. Seal up gaps and holes in your garage or home. Spot traps in and around your home to diminish rat infestation. Clean up any simple to-get sustenance.


Recent research results demonstrate that numerous individuals who turned out to be sick with HPS developed the disease after having been in contact with rodents as well as their droppings around a home or a working environment. Then again, numerous individuals who became ill revealed that they had not seen rodents or rat droppings at all. Consequently, in the event that you live in a area where the carrier rodents are known to live, attempt to keep your home, vacation spot, working environment, or campsite clean.